Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve—the part of the eye that carries the image we see to the brain. When eye pressure increases, it can cause the development of blind spots and damage to the optic nerve fibers. These blind spots usually go undetected until the optic nerve is significantly damaged.
If left untreated, this condition can cause blindness, especially for people over 65. However, loss of sight from glaucoma can often be prevented with early treatment, which is why we suggest regular screenings beginning at age 40, when early signs typically start to occur. Screenings are also strongly encouraged if family history of the disorder exists. With new advancements in optical coherence tomography (OCT), we can now detect this disorder in the earliest stages.
While damage from glaucoma cannot be reversed, we can lower eye pressure and help prevent further damage. Treatment ranges from eye drops and oral medication to surgery and laser treatment. It’s important to catch glaucoma early and build an individualized treatment plan with your doctor. To read more, click here.
If you would like to schedule an eye exam, call 337-439-4014.